Are you thinking about switching to solar energy, but you still aren’t sure what the steps are to convert your home to solar power?
Last year, 50% of the new electricity entering the US grid came from solar. For the environmentally conscious, switching to solar power is a no-brainer. However, before making the switch, you’ll need to be certain you understand the process of solar panel installation.
Once you have a better idea of how the whole process works, you’ll be better prepared. So keep reading to learn how the process of a solar panel installation works.
The site evaluation aims to assess the solar panel requirements for the application. This will determine the best installation method for the given site.
A site survey evaluates factors such as the building’s orientation, roof space, and solar access. This information is then used to estimate the solar system size. It will help obtain accurate material and labor costs and plan the installation logistics.
This process is typically done by reliable solar panel companies like Blue Raven Solar. To learn more about them and to get started with your home solar installation, just click on the link.
Design & Permit Approval
This is the process of obtaining approval from the local government before starting work on the installation. The main task is to provide a detailed design plan for the installation. This includes all measurements, pictures, and factors affecting the panel’s functionality.
The solar installer must specify the placement of the solar panels. They should provide information about the insulation and other components in sufficient detail. A local inspector or planning officer must then come to the home to confirm that the installation meets safety and local standards.
Once the plan is submitted and the proper goals are met, local government officials will review all the documents submitted to them. Then, they will decide if they will approve or decline the project.
The Solar Panel Installation Process
The solar panel installation process is the process of installing solar panels onto the roof or facade of a building. The process involves different steps, and below is a brief rundown of these steps:
Setting up the Scaffolding
The scaffolding is typically made up of steel poles, electric hoists, and other related components. It provides workers with a safe and secure platform to set up the necessary equipment and materials.
The scaffold will also support the weight of the solar panels, so it is important to ensure that it has undergone proper construction. All the components should be secure together, and someone should check them to make sure they are secure.
It’s also important to ensure that the scaffold completely encircles the space in which the installation will happen. This will help keep people out of the work area. Once the scaffolding is set up and inspected, the solar panel installation can begin.
Installing Solar Panel Mounts
Solar panels need to be securely mounted to roofs or other structures to be effective. This process begins with attaching the mounting rails to either the roof or the ground using lag bolts. Then, appropriately positioning the rails follows.
Installing the Solar Panels
After the solar installer secures the support infrastructure, they can begin to work on the panels. They will simply attach the solar panels to the foundation and connect it to the support infrastructure.
Wiring the Panels
The wiring process for solar panel installation is generally the most complex part of the whole installation. The wire must link the photovoltaic panels together, completing the electrical circuit.
Depending on the layout of the solar array and available space, a series or parallel wiring configuration is necessary.
Installing the Inverter
An inverter is a device that converts the DC electricity generated by the solar panels into AC electricity. This is the kind of electricity used in homes and businesses.
The proper inverter is necessary for the array and mounted on a wall, rafter, or roof as needed. The proper connectors and cables are also important to ensure a secure connection between the solar panels and the inverter. The inverter also needs a connection to the main electrical panel in the home or business.
Bonding the Inverter and the Battery
Bonding the inverter and the battery is an important step in installing solar panels. This involves connecting the inverter and the battery with grounding wires. But the process is different depending on the type of system undergoing installation.
In a solar system connected to the grid, the grounding wire has a connection to the ground bar in the main electrical panel. In an off-grid solar electric system, the grounding wire has a connection to an earth electrode, such as an iron stake or a ground rod.
Grounding protects users and buildings from shocks and surges. It also protects the solar electric system itself from lighting and other unwanted electrical events.
Testing the Panels
This process consists of a series of steps. This includes checking the electrical components and wiring and commissioning the panels. It also covers the process of inspecting the cell interconnects and measuring the output current.
Once the testing phase is complete, the solar panels can begin to operate.
Final Inspection & Maintenance
The inspection mostly involves a last look by authorities at the wiring configurations. They will ensure that all the necessary safety features are working properly such as back-flow prevention. This is then followed by running a performance test to check the electrical output of the panels.
Additionally, regular maintenance should also be part of the process. This includes cleaning the panels and checking the inverter. This is to ensure the solar panel and its components are performing optimally.
Go Green With Solar Energy Now
The solar panel installation process is complex. But with the help of a professional installer and appropriate planning, it can be smooth and profitable. It’s all worth it in the end; solar energy offers numerous benefits.
Take the first step towards incorporating solar energy into your home today!
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